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The Calaveras or Day of the Dead rhymes are satirical verses published in the Day of the Dead by newspapers and magazines. They are also made in schools, offices and houses as an amusement for coworkers, friends or family.
The verses are satirical epitaphs that represent the hypothetic death circumstances of a politician, a celebrity, a political party, a place, a profession, a situation or just a friend or acquaintance. Most times the rhymes are accompanied by a cartoon, played by skeletons, that represents the events narrated in the verses.History
In 1888 Jose Guadalupe Posada joined the team and with his great genius and enormous talent the rhymes became not only an economic success but a cultural reference.
The Calavera is a graphic and lyric art manifestation that portrays the political and social problems and cultural aspects of the time it is written in.
They were created to let the people know the real situation the country was going through. In a time when censorship was imposed to all the media Venegas and Posada succeeded at describing in a satirical way the injustice and social inequity that prevailed in the country.